Breast cancer is the most common cancer found in women. It accounts for about 8% of all cancers. What causes it? Most breast cancers (about 80%) happen in women over the age of fifty. And the older you are, obviously the greater your risk, especially if you started your period at a young age.
What causes it depends on what type of cells are present. If there is a great deal of the growth of abnormal cells, it is more likely that you will get it than not. But it can be caused by a number of things, including being diagnosed with cancer at an early age, having a family history of cancer, and certain genes being passed on from one generation to another.
For example, if some of your parents have been diagnosed with breast cancer cells, then there is a good chance that you may get it as well, even if it was treated.
Symptoms of breast cancer :
A symptom of breast cancer may come on suddenly or it may take weeks before you experience any signs or symptoms. You may also feel pressure in your chest, swelling, aching, or numbness in the area of your breasts. Some women may not experience any symptoms at all.
The first sign of breast condition that many women notice is usually a lump or perhaps an area of inflamed tissue in their breast. However, most breast conditions are not cancerous, and it is always best to see a doctor for an accurate diagnosis.
How to check for breast cancer?
Checking for breast cancer involves the careful examination of the breast to detect small signs of tumors. The first step is usually to take a look at the overall appearance of the breast. If it appears abnormal, then biopsies and/or tissue samples are taken from it for further evaluation. Tumors that are located close to the surface of the skin and are filled with fluid may be easier to detect and excite laboratory tests.
A doctor will check for evidence of abnormal cells by looking at the size, shape, color, and position of the cells. These can provide a clue as to the type of cancer a patient may have.
Some women may have a tendency to produce more of a certain cell type than other women do. This could mean that the cells are cancerous or healthy tissue. It could also mean that the cells are simply abnormal.
A mammogram, which is sometimes known as endoscopic ultrasound, is another way of assessing the condition of the breasts. The process consists of inserting a thin flexible tube into a woman’s chest and capturing images of the cells around the breast. Each breast will be examined separately. Because the cells viewed through ultrasound can be seen on a computer screen, it can be a quick and painless test.
Breast cancer treatment: Honey Bee Venom
Venom from honeybees has been found to rapidly kill aggressive and difficult-to-treat breast cancer cells, as indicated by conceivably noteworthy new Australian research.
The examination also found when the venom’s primary part was joined with existing chemotherapy drugs, it was amazingly proficient at reducing tumor growth in mice.
Distributed in the diary Nature Precision Oncology, the research was directed at Perth’s Harry Perkins Institute of Medical Research by Dr. Ciara Duffy as a feature of her Ph.D.
Dr. Duffy trusts the disclosure could prompt the advancement of therapy for triple-negative breast cancer, which represents 10 to 15 percent of all breast cancers and for which there are as of now no clinically viable focused on treatments.
She said the bumble bee venom had demonstrated incredibly intense.
“We found that the venom from honeybees is strikingly viable in killing a portion of these truly aggressive breast cancer cells at focuses which aren’t as harming to typical cells,” .Dr. Duffy
The research demonstrated a particular centralization of the venom killed 100% of triple-negative breast cancer and HER2-advanced breast cancer cells inside an hour while effects affecting typical cells.
Honey bee venom collected in Perth
Dr. Duffy collected venom from bumble beehives at the University of Western Australia, just as in Ireland and England.
She said a segment of the venom called melittin had the killing impact.
The researchers replicated the melittin artificially and found it reflected most of the counter cancer impacts of the bumblebee venom.
“What melittin does is it really enters the outside of the plasma film, and structures openings or pores and it noble motivations the cell to bite the dust,”Dr. Duffy said.
The researchers also found inside 20 minutes the melittin had another ground-breaking impact.
“We found it was meddling with the primary informing or cancer-flagging pathways that are major for the growth and replication of cancer cells,” she said.
It adequately shut down the flagging pathways for the generation of triple-negative and HER2 cancer cells.
‘Unimaginably energizing disclosure’Chief Scientist says
Dr. Duffy also inspected the impact of melittin utilized in blend with existing chemotherapy drugs, for example, docetaxel.
She found the openings in breast cancer layers brought about by the melittin permitted the chemotherapy to enter the cell and worked incredibly proficiently in reducing tumor growth in mice.
Western Australia’s Chief Scientist, Professor Peter Klinken, said it was a huge turn of events, which gave another illustration of where mixes in nature could be utilized to treat human sicknesses.
“I believe it’s unbelievably energizing that they’ve mentioned this observable fact that the atom melittin can really influence the cancer cells, yet that it can work in blend with different drugs which come from regular items too, and in the mix, they’re truly thumping these cancer cells on the head,”Professor Klinken said.
Dr. Duffy would not like to utilize words like advancement or fix, focusing on this is only the start, and significantly more research should be finished.
“There’s far to go as far as how we would convey it in the body and, you know, taking a gander at poison levels and greatest endured dosages before it ever went further,”she said.
Medical Research in Western Australia was published in Nature Precision Oncology