Obesity in children. Learn its causes and risks


Childhood obesity is a serious medical condition in which a child has excess body fat that can negatively affect their health. This is a growing problem worldwide as the World Health Organization reports that there is a gradual increase in the prevalence of overweight and obese children.

Studies show that childhood obesity has the highest prevalence rate in developed countries. however, it is convincingly shown that its prevalence is also increasing in developing countries. Due to hormonal differences, women are more likely to gain weight than men.

Childhood obesity is a significant concern, as extra pounds can lead to potential health problems such as diabetes, heart disease, and joint problems. It can also have a profound effect on a child’s emotional well-being and lead to mental health problems such as low self-esteem and depression. There is strong evidence that it is also associated with poor academic performance and a lower quality of life for the child.

In addition, obese children are at greater risk of becoming overweight, which increases their risk of developing chronic noncommunicable diseases later in life.

In this article, we will discuss the symptoms, causes, health risks, and strategies to prevent and manage obesity in children.

Symptoms of obesity

In addition to being overweight, typical signs and symptoms of childhood obesity include:

  • Difficulty breathing
  • Fatigue
  • Increased sweating
  • Snoring and sleep apnea
  • Joint anxiety
  • Hip dislocation
  • Stretch marks on the thighs, abdomen and back (although these can also occur in non-obese children)
  • Fat in the chest area (which can be especially difficult for guys)
  • Constipation
  • Early puberty in girls
  • Delayed puberty in boys

Causes of childhood obesity

  • Bad dietIt is widely accepted that obesity is caused by eating a diet high in calories, fat, sugar and salt. A growing body of evidence points to sugary drinks, including fruit juices, sports drinks, fast food and processed foods, as culprits in obesity.
  • Sedentary behaviorAt the most basic level, children, like adults, develop obesity when they do not participate in regular physical activity. As technology advances, many children watch television while eating, which is associated with higher fat intake.
  • GeneticsThere is growing evidence to suggest that an individual’s genetic background may also contribute to childhood obesity. If a child has a family history of obesity, he is more likely to be overweight.
  • Lack of sleepLack of sleep may contribute to childhood obesity, according to research. Lack of sleep can disrupt metabolism and hormones that regulate appetite.

Health risks associated with childhood obesity

Childhood obesity can lead to a number of health problems, both in childhood and later in life. Some of the health problems include:

Physical effects

  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure and cholesterol
  • Orthopedic problems
  • Asthma
  • Cholelithiasis (gallstones)
  • Sleep apnea
  • Skin conditions
  • Early puberty

Emotional consequences

  • Social isolation and bullying
  • Low self-esteem
  • Low self-confidence
  • Negative body
  • Depression

It is important to note that the severity of the risks may vary depending on the degree of obesity and other health factors. Therefore, it is important to work with a health care provider to determine if your child’s weight may be causing health problems.

Prevention of childhood obesity

  • Encourage your child to eat a diet that is rich in:
    • Vegetables, fruits and whole grains.
    • Low-fat or non-fat milk or dairy products, such as cheese and yogurt, instead of soda and other drinks with added sugar.
    • Sources of protein include lean meats, poultry, fish, lentils and beans.
  • Encourage your child to participate in physical activities such as sports or outdoor games.
  • Limit your child’s screen time.
  • Be a role model and set a good example for your child by eating healthy and staying physically active yourself.
  • Avoid using devices or watching TV while your child eats.
  • Research shows that lack of sleep can cause hormonal imbalances that lead to increased appetite, thereby increasing the risk of obesity. Make sure your child gets 8 hours of quality sleep a day.

Final thoughts

In conclusion, childhood obesity is a serious health problem that can have devastating effects on children and adolescents. By understanding the causes and risks of childhood obesity and taking steps to prevent it, we can help our children live healthy and happy lives.

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